How to Do Citations in an Essay
There are many different ways to cite sources in an essay, and some of the most common are: Reference list citations, using square brackets, and using “et al.” These tips will help you make the most effective attributions find out this here. Whether you’re writing an essay for school or for professional reasons, there are a variety of different ways to cite sources. Here are some examples of each.
Reference list citations
A reference list is a way of indicating the sources you used for your research paper, including quotes and paraphrases. If you borrow an idea or concept, it must be cited in the reference list. There are several citation styles, including APA, MLA, and AMA. When referencing sources, follow the guidelines outlined by your course tutor. When referencing secondary sources, you can use the same her response search terms as you would for citations from primary sources.
To cite a source, you must include its bibliographic information. APA style calls for the inclusion of last name and first/middle initials of all authors, with the first six separated by commas. Similarly, you must use an ampersand before the last name of the author. After the 19th or 20th author, you must include the author’s initials. This style calls for a period after the last name of the author.
Traditionally, quotation marks were used around the title of major works, such as a book, an album, or a Broadway play. However, this convention began to fade a number of years ago as the technology of writing changed. While quotation marks made sense when manual typewriters were the only way to write, underlining titles and italics soon became the preferred style. Even though quotation marks are no longer common in essays, they are still used when referencing short works such as a poem or chapter of a larger work.
There are several ways to use quotation marks in an essay. You can use them see it here to call attention to new words. For instance, if you use the word “ichthyology” in your essay, you’ll need to include a double quotation mark. You can also use single quotes if the word “ichthyology” is not long enough to warrant a block quote. And if you want to make a scare quote, you’ll want to make sure to use it in moderation.
There are two main types of brackets: round and square. When you use round brackets for a quote, you’re adding information to the quoted passage. Square brackets, on the other hand, are used for difficult quotes. If a passage has more than one sentence, you can use square brackets for all the words in the quoted passage. The most common use for square brackets in an essay is in academic writing, though they are sometimes used in journalism.
In general, square brackets should surround the learn the facts here now words you are adding to a quote. These words are not part of the original quote and should be separated by signal phrases. For example, if the quote says: “During his service on the H.M.S. Gannet in 1879-1883, Abnes Montague, and Daniel Abrams served on board the ship.”
Using “et al”
If you cite multiple authors in an essay, you should separate them with a colon. When you write et al., make sure straight from the source that you separate each author’s last name and use different first initials. Using “et al.” instead of a list creates ambiguity and makes it harder to follow the APA citation style. Using the plural form, Johnson et al., is acceptable in many cases.
When using “et al.” in an essay, be sure to use a 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. In this style, you must include the author’s last name, the page number, and the year of publication. Make sure that you separate the information with a colon, and avoid spaces in the citation. If you don’t want to cite a single author’s work, use “et al.”